Valley of the Kings Tour

Valley of the Kings

Valley of the Kings

Valley of the Kings- Beyond the semi-circle of rocks of Deir el Bahri lies the Valley of the Kings, or Biban el Moulouk, the Gate of the Kings. In this ravine, dominated by a cone-shaped mountain often called the “Crown of Thebes,” is the Necropolis of the great Egyptian sovereigns from the 18th to the 20th Dynasty.

The story of the Valley of the Kings begins with the sudden and unexpected decision of Tuthmosis I to separate his tomb from his mortuary temple – and moreover to bury his body not in a showy monument but in a secret, inaccessible place.

Valley of the Kings

After the mummified bodies of the Pharaohs had been laid to rest, the passages were sealed and covered with rock and rubble. With the entrances totally obscured, the New Kingdom pharaohs were confident that their tombs, unlike those of their ancestors, would be safe. They were mistaken. With the notable exception of the burial of Tutankhamon all were broken into and robbed of their treasures.

The huge stone lids of the sarcophagi were thrust aside, or hammered off. The inner coffins were removed. The mummies of the Pharaohs were stripped of their adornments and cast aside, sometimes actually burnt, by the robbers.

In an attempt to protect the bodies of their great ancestors, the priests of the 21st Dynasty placed them in a twelve-metre deep shaft, which was probably a Middle Kingdom tomb, in one of the caves at the foot of the cliffs at Deir el Bahri; that is to say, on the other side of the mountain that separates the Valley of the Kings from Deir el Bahri. Into this shaft they placed no less than forty mummies of the 18th and 19th Dynasties, which they had collected from pillaged tombs. The bodies of Amenhotep I, ThutmoseIII, SetiI, Ramses II and Ramses  III were among them. Other mummies were hidden in already violated tombs, such as that of Amenhotep II, which was then resealed.

The shaft at Deir el Bahri was discovered in 1881, and the mummies in the tomb of Amenhotep II in 1898. All were taken from one place to another, until they were settled on the upper floor of the Cairo Museum of Antiquities.

Valley of the Kings | Tomb design and decoration
Valley of the Kings | Osiris, Lord of the Underworld

The most impressive tomb at Valley of the Kings and open today for visitors is that of Haremhab. Its reliefs are in excellent condition. Also worth seeing is the tomb of Ramesses IV and  Merneptah

Valley of the Kings | Tomb of Haremhab

Valley of the Kings Tour Starting from 40 U$D

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By Journey To Egypt / Administrator, bbp_keymaster

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on Apr 16, 2016

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